One of the main effects of dementia is that it damages the memory and learning function in the brain.
Understanding how memories are encoded is key to developing new treatments for the condition and, perhaps, even preventing it.
Researchers at the University of Alberta believe that they may have discovered how memories are programmed.
Dr Jack Tuszynski and his team investigated the structures at the cytoskeletal level of the brain structure and identified components that create the information processing and storage capacity used to create and retain memory.
If their discovery is verified, the implications of this information for medicine could be vast.
Dr Tuszynski stated: "This could open up amazing new possibilities of dealing with memory loss problems, interfacing our brains with hybrid devices to augment and 'refresh' our memories."
What's more, should doctors gain the ability to treat dementia they would be able to relieve the pressure placed on the government as a result of an ageing population.
Find out about dementia care and support services at Barchester care homes.