Individuals who have memory problems or other cognitive decline could be at increased risk of stroke, according to new findings.
Researchers gave cognitive tests to people over the age of 45 with no stroke history and contacted them two times a year for the next 4.5 years to discover whether they had experienced a stroke.
It was found that those who were in the bottom 20 per cent for verbal fluency were 3.6 times more likely to experience a stroke than those in the top 20 per cent of results.
Additionally, individuals who came in the lowest 20 per cent on the memory test were 3.5 times more likely to have a stroke than those in the top fifth.
These results, which were part of the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke, were found to be accurate even after researchers had adjusted score to take education and background into account.
Meanwhile, sleep-deprived individuals have a 15 per cent higher chance of experiencing a stroke and a 48 per cent higher chance of having a heart attack.