European women have a higher life expectancy than men, meaning they may be more likely to use home care, but they do not necessarily have healthier lifestyles.
A gender gap was observed in 2008 in the life expectancies of all 27 EU countries, with women always living longer, according to studies commented on at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2011.
Among European women, life expectancy ranged from 77 years in Bulgaria to 84.8 in France, and in men from 66.3 years in Lithuania to 80.0 in Iceland.
In a recent study, smoking-related deaths made up around 40 per cent of the gender gap in all-cause mortality, with alcohol-related mortality accounting for around 20 per cent of the gap in Eastern Europe and ten per cent elsewhere in Europe.
However, due to higher consumption of alcohol and tobacco among women, this gender is decreasing.
Smoking has been linked to conditions such as lung cancer and heart disease, making it a top risk factor for mortality.
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